Wednesday, 6 March 2013


Suzanne is a song written by Canadian poet and musician Leonard Cohen in the 1960s. It has become one of the most-covered songs in Cohen's catalogue. In 2006, Pitchfork Media listed the song #41 on their list of 'The Top Songs of the 1960s'.

Leonard Cohen specified, notably in a BBC interview, that the song was about encountering Suzanne Verdal, the then girlfriend of sculptor Armand Vaillancourt, in a Montreal setting. Indeed, many lines describe different elements of the city, including its river and a little chapel near the harbour, called Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours, which sits on the side of the harbour that faces the rising sun in the morning, as it is described in the song.

Suzanne Verdal was interviewed by CBC News's The National in 2006 about the song. Verdal claims that she and Cohen never had sexual relations, contrary to what some interpretations of the song suggest. Cohen himself stated in a 1994 BBC interview that he only imagined having sex with her, as there was neither the opportunity nor inclination to actually go through with it. She says she has met Cohen twice since the song's initial popularity; once after a concert Cohen performed in the 1970s and once in passing in the 1990s when she danced for him, but Cohen did not speak to her. Verdal never benefited financially from the song's enormous commercial success.

In any case, its lyrics first appeared as the poem "Suzanne Takes You Down" in Cohen's 1966 book of poetry Parasites of Heaven, admittedly because of lack of new material.

Monday, 4 June 2012

Wild rice

Wild rice (also called Canada rice, Indian rice, and water oats) is four species of grasses forming the genus Zizania, and the grain which can be harvested from them. The grain was historically gathered and eaten in both North America and China. While it is now something of a delicacy in North America, the grain is eaten less in China,:165 where the plant's stem is used as a vegetable.

Wild rice is not directly related to Asian rice (Oryza sativa), whose wild progenitors are O. rufipogon and O. nivara, although they are close cousins, sharing the tribe Oryzeae. It is also not the plant described as ζιζάνια (zizania) in the Parable of the Tares in the Bible, which is thought to be Lolium temulentum.

The plants grow in shallow water in small lakes and slow-flowing streams; often, only the flowering head of wild rice rises above the water. The grain is eaten by dabbling ducks and other aquatic wildlife, as well as humans.

Wednesday, 21 September 2011


A lily is a type of flowering plant. There are many species of lilies, like water lilies and tiger lilies. Most lilies grow from a bulb, which is sometimes eaten as a food. Lily is the general term for the perennial plant, from the Latin lilium. The lily has a long stem, and its funnel-shaped flower blooms in summer. Lilies grow in Europe, North America, and Asia. There are more than 100 kinds. They also come in various colours. It tends to grow wild in the forest and a grassy plain of a mountainous area, but several kinds grow wild on wet ground. A lily's petals come in multiples of three.